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Antenna Array using Non-identical Truncated Circular Elements for FSLL reduction


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Category
Articles
Authors
Bharati Singh ,K Ray & Nisha Sarvade
Publisher
Progress In Electromagnetic Research
Publishing Date
01-Jun-2018
volume
64
Issue
10
Pages
99-107
  • Abstract

Resonance frequency of a Circular Microstrip Antenna (CMSA) depends on its diameter. Hence when CMSA is truncated or sectored into smaller elements, keeping the diameter same, it resonates at almost the same frequency. An analysis of the new antenna arrays designed using these truncated non-identical CMSA elements, to realize an amplitude distribution over pedestals leading to a desired first side lobe level (FSLL) has been presented. Truncated elements are designed as non-identical elements based on its gain variation with respect to the standard normalized aperture distribution coefficients. Experimental verification to validate the proposed concept and simulated results has been carried out using antenna array with eight numbers of non-identical elements. There is good agreement between simulated and measured results at 1.76 GHz.